Ian Buchanan. “Elwood S. Brown: Missionary Extraordinary.” Journal of Olympic History (1998): 12-13.
Lewis Guy, “World War I and the Emergence of Sport for the Masses” Maryland Historian 4, no. 2 (1973): 109-122.
Stephan Hübner. “Muscular Christianity and the Western Civilizing Mission: Elwood S. Brown, the YMCA, and the Idea of the Far Eastern Championship Games.” Diplomatic History 39.3 (2013): 532-57.
The Inter-Allied Games. Paris 22nd June to 6th July 1919, ed. Joseph Mills Hanson. Paris: The Games Committee, 1919.
James Mennell, “The Service Football Program of World War I: Its Impact on the Popularity of the Game” Journal of Sport History 16, no. 3 (1989): 248-260.
Official Athletic Almanac of the American Expeditionary Forces 1919. A.E.F. Championships, Inter-Allied Games, eds. Col. Wait C. Johnson and Elwood S. Brown. New York: American Sports Publishing, 1919.
Stephen Pope, Patriotic Games. Sporting Traditions in the American Imagination 1876-1926. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
Thierry Terret, “American Sammys and French Poilus in the Great War: Sport, Masculinities and Vulnerability” The International Journal of the History of Sport 28, nos. 3-4 (March 2011): 351-371.
Thierry Terret, Les jeux interalliés de 1919. Sport, guerre et relations internationales. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2002.
Thierry Terret, ” ‘The Military Olympics’ of 1919. Sport, Diplomacy and Sport Politics in the Aftermath of World War One” Journal of Olympic History 14, no. 2 (2006): 22-31.
“Some of Pershing’s Athletes” Leslie’s Weekly, June 28, 1919.
Spalding’s Official Soccer Foot-Ball Guide, ed. Thomas Cahill. New York: Sports Publishing Company, 1918-22.
Arnaud Waquet, “Sport in the Trenches: The New Deal for Masculinity in France” The International Journal of the History of Sport 28, nos. 3-4 (March 2011): 331-350.
Arnaud Waquet and Joris Vinent, “Wartime Rugby and Football: Sports, Elites, French Military Teams and International Meets during the First World War” The International Journal of the History of Sport 28, nos. 3-4 (March 2011): 372-392.